All Saints’ Day / Halloween

 

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

All Saints’ Day

All-Saints.jpg

Painting by Fra Angelico

Also called
All Hallows

Observed by
Catholic Church,
Eastern Orthodoxy,
Anglican Communion,
Lutheranism[1]
and Methodism,[2]
among other Christian denominations

Liturgical Color
White

Type
Christian

Observances
Church services

Date
1 November (Western Christianity)
Sunday after Pentecost (Eastern Christianity)

Frequency
annual

Related to
Hallowe’en
All Souls’ Day
Day of the Dead
Samhain

All Saints’ Day, also known as All Hallows, Solemnity of All Saints,[3] or Feast of All Saints[4] is a solemnity celebrated on 1 November by the Catholic Church and several Protestant denominations, and on the first Sunday after Pentecost in Eastern Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, in honour of all the saints, known and unknown. The liturgical celebration begins at Vespers on the evening of 31 October and ends at the close of 1 November. It is thus the day before All Souls’ Day.

Hallowmas is another term for the feast, and was used by Shakespeare in this sense.[5][6] However, a few recent writers have applied this term to the three days from 31 October to 2 November inclusive,[7] as a synonym for the triduum of Hallowtide.[8]

In Catholic theology, the day commemorates all those who have attained the beatific vision in Heaven. It is a national holiday in many historically Catholic countries. In the Catholic Church and many Anglican churches, the next day specifically commemorates the departed faithful who have not yet been purified and reached Heaven. Christians who celebrate All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day do so in the fundamental belief that there is a prayerful spiritual bond between those in heaven (the "Church triumphant"), and the living (the "Church militant"). Other Christian traditions define, remember and respond to the saints in different ways; for example, in the Methodist Church, the word "saints" refers to all Christians and therefore, on All Saints’ Day, the Church Universal, as well as the deceased members of a local congregation, are honored and remembered.[9]

All Saints’ Day may originate in the ancient Roman observation of 13 May, the Feast of the Lemures, in which malevolent and restless spirits of the dead were propitiated. Liturgiologists base the idea that this Lemuria festival was the origin of that of All Saints on their identical dates and on the similar theme of "all the dead".[10]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the observance. For other uses, see Halloween (disambiguation).

"All Hallows’ Eve" redirects here. For other uses, see All Hallows’ Eve (disambiguation).

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Halloween

Jack-o'-Lantern 2003-10-31.jpg

A jack-o’-lantern, one of the symbols of Halloween representing the souls of the dead[1]

Also called
Hallowe’en
Allhallowe’en
All Hallows’ Eve
All Saints’ Eve

Observed by
Western Christians and many non-Christians around the world[2]

Significance
First day of Allhallowtide

Celebrations

Trick-or-treating, costume parties, making jack-o’-lanterns, lighting bonfires, divination, apple bobbing, visiting haunted house attractions

Observances
Church services,[3] prayer,[4] fasting,[2] and vigils[5]

Date
31 October

Next time
31 October 2015

Frequency
annual

Related to
Totensonntag, Blue Christmas, Thursday of the Dead, Samhain, Hop-tu-Naa, Calan Gaeaf, Allantide, Day of the Dead, Reformation Day, All Saints’ Day, Mischief Night (cf. vigils)

Halloween or Hallowe’en (/ˌhæləˈwn, ˈn, ˌhɑːl/) is a yearly celebration observed in a number of countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian feast of All Hallows’ Day. It initiates the triduum of Allhallowtide,[6] the time in the liturgical year dedicated to remembering the dead, including saints (hallows), martyrs, and all the faithful departed believers.[7] Within Allhallowtide, the traditional focus of All Hallows’ Eve revolves around the theme of using "humor and ridicule to confront the power of death."[8]

According to many scholars, All Hallows’ Eve is a Christianized feast initially influenced by Celtic harvest festivals,[9][10] with possible pagan roots, particularly the Gaelic Samhain.[11][12][13] Other scholars maintain that it originated independently of Samhain and has solely Christian roots.[14][15]

Drug War Chronicle, Issue #837 (short version)

Subject: Drug War Chronicle, Issue #837 (short version)

a publication of StoptheDrugWar.org Issue #837 – 6/5/14
Subscriptions | Archives | Speakeasy Blog | Chronicle main page | Donate StoptheDrugWar.org/chronicle

TABLE OF CONTENTS

georgia-state-house-200px_0.jpg
Not so fast with welfare drug testing.

1. THE IBOGAINE FRONTIER: A REPORT FROM DURBAN [FEATURE]
Here is Douglas Greene with a first-hand account of an ibogaine conference in Durban, South Africa. Read about the challenges facing the plant and the cutting edge science behind its use in opiate addiction treatment.

2. ATF’S OPERATION GIDEON RAISES QUESTIONS OF FAIRNESS, JUSTICE, AND RACE [FEATURE]
Operation Gideon, in which the ATF,and sometimes, the DEA, set up fake drug stash house robbery stings, is raising questions about entrapment and racially-targeted law enforcement. Here’s part one of a series on it from Clarence Walker.

3. USDA BLOCKS GEORGIA FOOD STAMP DRUG TESTING LAW
Advocates of drug testing people poor people lost another battle today as the USDA told Georgia its law mandating drug tests for some food stamp recipients violates federal policy and cannot be implemented.

4. SMUGGLER SHOOTING IMMEDIATELY TESTS BORDER PATROL’S NEW FORCE POLICY
Just hours after CBP Commissioner Gil Kerlikowkse announced new use of deadly force policies aimed at reducing killings by agents, a Border Patrol agent shot and killed a fleeing marijuana smuggler.

5. MEDICAL MARIJUANA UPDATE
In an historic vote, the House tells the DEA and Justice Department to butt out of medical marijuana states, limited CBD medical marijuana bills are signed into law in Iowa and South Carolina, Minnesota becomes the 22nd medical marijuana state, one bill to regulate medical marijuana in California is still alive, and more.

6. TAMPA SWAT TEAM KILLS ARMED MAN IN MARIJUANA GROW HOUSE RAID
A 29-year-old Tampa man was shot and killed by a police SWAT team as it raided his home after undercover officers made marijuana purchases there. The cops said he pointed a gun at them.

7. THIS WEEK’S CORRUPT COPS STORIES
More cops with prescription pill problems, more jail guards tempting fate. Just another week in drug war police corruption.

8. CHRONICLE AM — MAY 29, 2014
Minnesota becomes the 22nd medical marijuana state, the California Senate passes a medical marijuana regulation bill and a bill equalizing crack and powder cocaine offenses, a new study reports on who current heroin users are, there are a series of votes set for today to rein in the DEA, a Canadian court allows heroin-assisted treatment trials to move forward, and more.

9. CHRONICLE AM–MAY 30, 2014
Yesterday was a bad day for the DEA as the House thrice voted to slap its hands, an anti-marijuana initiative in Montana gets okayed for signature-gathering, the New York Senate releases a report on heroin and opiate addiction and calls for more drug war, marijuana legalization supporters rally in Tel Aviv, and more

10. CHRONICLE AM — JUNE 2, 2014
A Nevada marijuana legalization initiative picks up a key endorsement, Iowa joins the ranks of the CBD medical marijuana states, Tennessee’s governor gets ready to roll out a new plan to address prescription drug use, thousands march for legalization in Santiago, Chile, the Peruvian president backs away from forced coca eradication, and more.

11. CHRONICLE AM — JUNE 3, 2014
That Georgia drug raid last week that left a toddler seriously burned and in a medically-induced coma continues to spark outrage, the DC pot possession and cultivation legalization initiative is half-way there, New York’s governor signs a deal for CBD medical marijuana trials that critics say isn’t nearly enough, a former Brooklyn DA is in hot water of misusing seized drug money, and more.

12. CHRONICLE AM — JUNE 4, 2014
Legendary chemist Alexander Shulgin has died, the fight for medical marijuana in New York continues, Chicago sues Big Pharma over prescription opiates, Britain’s black police association wants a look at legalization in the US, pot politics continues to get big play in Bermuda, and more

Ron Paul wins if Supreme Court strikes Obamacare

Saturday, 31 March 2012 21:09

BY MURRAY SABRIN
COMMENTARY

How did it get this far?  Even a naturalized citizen like me and tens of millions of others who took an oath to uphold the Constitution can clearly see that the United States is no longer a constitutional republic with limited powers.  

Article I Section 8, which enumerates the federal government’s powers, has been ignored by Congress and the Supreme Court for nearly two centuries. Congress has passed laws that presidents from both major parties have signed that egregiously expanded federal power.

Cleverly, big government advocates have hung their hat on the Commerce Clause instead, which gives the federal government the power to “regulate” interstate commerce.  By invoking the Commerce Clause, statists have created America’s unsustainable welfare state–Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security, etc.

An accurate historical reading of the Commerce Clause turns this interpretation on its head.  As Judge Napolitano has pointed out, the Founders wanted to make commerce “regular” in the fledgling republic by removing trade restrictions and other burdens so commerce could flow seamlessly between the states.  In other words, the Commerce Clause was not intended to give the federal government open-ended power to interfere with business activity.

Moreover, a free society requires freedom. The ability of the people to invent, produce, trade, consume, save and enjoy the fruits of their labor is supposed to be the essence of America.  In other words, a limited government, free enterprise republic needs the government to secure the borders and protect liberty, not order people how to live their lives.

If all the Supreme Court justices who heard the challenge to Obamacare this past week were faithful to their oaths to uphold the constitution, they would have excoriated the Solicitor General who was defending Obamacare, and castigated the President and the Congress for creating a law that was an affront to the Constitution—and an assault on the American people’s liberties.  In addition, the Supremes should have taken one giant step for liberty by stating that they will strike down all laws that have been enacted that are inconsistent with Article I Section 8 of the Constitution.  Maybe they will do so in their ruling about Obamacare that is due in June.  However, I would not hold my breath that all nine justices will “see the light,” namely, that Obamacare is the latest statist piece of unconstitutional legislation that must be struck down.

If the Supreme Court strikes down Obamacare, root and branch, the march to liberty could accelerate.

That would mean that Ron Paul has won, even if he is not elected president this year.  The Ron Paul Revolution, the movement to restore the Constitution, is gaining strength day by day.  

We have a long way to go to recreate a free society, but like all great journeys, we must agitate for what is right and honorable, a limited government republic, and not give up the fight worth fighting.

Murray Sabrin is a professor of finance at Ramapo College and blogs at www.MurrarySabrin.com.

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CONTINUE READING…..

Panel approves religious freedom amendment

FRANKFORT, KY. — Kentucky courts would be required to allow people to opt out of obeying some laws that run counter to their religious beliefs if a constitutional amendment that passed a Senate committee Wednesday becomes law.

Senate Bill 158 would require the government to exempt people from laws that contradict their religious beliefs unless there is an overriding reason why those laws should be enforced.

Sen. Jimmy Higdon, R-Lebanon, said he sponsored the legislation for the Family Foundation of Kentucky. The Catholic Conference of Kentucky also backed the measure.

Martin Cothran, a policy analyst for the Family Foundation, said it was concerned that Kentucky has never acted to restate the religious rights of individuals afater a 1990 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that it believes chipped away at religious rights.

That ruling came in a case in which two members of the Native American Church were denied unemployment benefits after they were fired from their because they tested positive for the hallucinogenic drug peyote, which is used in some native American religious ceremonies.

The court ruled that the state could deny benefits even though their “misconduct” occurred because of their religious beliefs.

That decision essentially overturned previous rulings that found that the government couldn’t enforce laws against people acting on religious grounds unless it showed a compelling interest in enforcing the law.

“Before 1990, the government had to show a compelling state interest,” Higdon said during a meeting of the Senate State & Local Government Committee.

Higdon’s bill would restore the “compelling government interest” and it would require the state to use the “least restrictive” means to further that interest when enforcing laws against those who claim a religious exemption.

Higdon said SB 158, which passed 6-0, would have avoided two situations in Western Kentucky in which several Amish men were charged and sent to jail because they wouldn’t put red and orange safety triangles on their buggies for religious reasons. Instead, Higdon said, the amendment would have allowed them use reflective tape that wouldn’t violate their religious beliefs.

Cothran said Alabama has adopted a similar amendment to its constitution and several other states have approved statutory changes that essentially do the same thing.

The bill now goes to the Senate, where it needs approval from three-fifths of its members to move on to the House.

Reporter Joseph Gerth can be reached at (502) 582-4702.

CONTINUE READING HERE …